For most businesses, handling an employee’s confidential data can present a number of challenges. If you operate in sectors such as education and social care you may be more familiar with the guidelines surrounding DBS data (formally known as a CRB checks) , but for all businesses it is important to educate your team so you can be confident you will not have to face any of the legal implications of a data leak.
So how exactly should you deal with DBS data
Here, Michelle Mellor, Managing Director at Personnel Checks, gives her top advice on how companies should handle confidential information in the best way possible.
How should a business keep DBS data private?
First and foremost, in line with the DBS code of practice, businesses need a formal written policy on the secure handling of any information provided (electronically or otherwise).
Companies would usually request DBS checks for successful job applicants, at which point they must make the details of this policy available to the applicant in question.
The employer must handle all information provided to them by DBS in line with the obligations under Data Protection Act 1998.
What can a business do with DBS data?
Businesses that receive DBS information can keep a record of:
- The date of issue of a disclosure
- The name of the subject
- The type of disclosure requested
- The position for which the disclosure was requested
- The unique reference number of the disclosure
- The details of the recruitment decision taken
What can’t a business do with DBS data?
A business cannot reproduce a DBS certificate or related information in such a way that it infers that it is a certificate issued by DBS.
Disclosure information should never be kept on an applicant's personnel file and should be kept separately and securely, in a lockable, non-portable storage container with access strictly controlled and limited to those who are entitled to see it as part of their duties.
How long are companies allowed to keep hold of DBS data?
Once a recruitment (or other relevant) decision has been made, organisations should not keep disclosure information for any longer than is absolutely necessary. This is generally for a period of up to six months to allow for the consideration and resolution of any disputes or complaints.
How should they dispose of it?
Organisations should ensure that the information is destroyed via secure means, i.e. by shredding, pulping or burning.
Employee files should be kept in a secure, locked cabinet, and access should be restricted to trusted individuals. In line with regulations, DBS reports should be securely destroyed after six months.
What are employers legally allowed to do if they find criminal information on a DBS check?
The DBS code of practice states that employers must ensure that all applicants for relevant positions are notified in advance of the requirement for a disclosure.
Employers should also notify all applicants of the potential effect of a criminal record history on the recruitment and selection process and any recruitment decision. The content of the disclosure should be discussed with the applicant before withdrawing any offer of employment.
As outlined in the Recruitment of Ex-Offenders Act 1974:
“All employers must treat Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) check applicants who have a criminal record fairly and not discriminate automatically because of a conviction or other information revealed.”
What should a company do with an employee who leaks DBS data?
A leak of any applicant’s personal information should mean disciplinary action against the employee responsible. This could even lead to the termination of that employee’s contract.
It is an employer’s responsibility to ensure all staff understand their responsibility when handling confidential data (e.g. through employee handbooks) and the consequences they should expect if they breach guidelines.
Before any disciplinary action can begin, however, a full and proper investigation should take place to determine whether formal procedures are necessary.
Breach of confidentiality is (in most cases) gross misconduct, and the company in question must make a decision based on the severity of the breach.
If you’d like more advice on how to deal with DBS information in your business, give our expert team a call on 01254 355688 or send us an email at [email protected].
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